GIS Suite for Reprocessing old Meteor M2 S-files
This Meteor M2 image, from an S-file captured on March 11, 2015, has been processed off-line by MeteorGIS.
Software to reprocess old Meteor M2 S-files with MeteorGIS
This software can be run from any computer drive but must be
To download the ReprocessGIS Suite
This suite, which includes the MeteorGIS software, downloads as a zipfile named ReprocessGIS.zip.
The MeteorGIS folder is identical with that in the suites offered for real-time reception of Meteor M2 imagery, but without the Orbitron and SDRsharp components. Creating GIS imagery from archived Meteor M2 S-files is a totally off-line process.
The Images folder is where the three Meteor channel images decoded from the S-file are saved.
The GIS Images folder is where the images processed by MeteorGIS.exe are saved.
Also present are two copies of LRPTDecoder.exe, with appropriate ini files and keplerian element (tle) files, for decoding Meteor M2 (and Meteor M2-2) S-files.
ReadMe.txt is a brief guide to the processing methods, and SGP4.dll is used by MeteorGIS.exe to geocorrect the images.
Step 1 - Preparing the Meteor S-file
The diagram above also displays a sample S-file (though this is not actually included in the zip archive).
This S-file was originally created by LRPT Decoder in 2015, with the filename 2015_05_11_LRPT_11-18-25.s, a format that MeteorGIS does not recognise when used in offline mode.
This file must be edited by converting the underscores into hyphens, then deleting the LRPT- fragment entirely, so that you end up with 2015-05-11-11-18-25.s.
This done, copy the S-file into the main ReprocessOldM2-S-files folder alongside the LRPTDecoder and tle files, as illustrated.
Step 2 - Acquiring Keplerian Elements for the S-file
In order to produce a GCP file (Ground Control Point File), which contains the necessary information to create GIS map projections, a set of keplerian 2-line elements for the date when the S-file was acquired is needed. As it is highly unlikely that you have these, they will have to be sourced from Space-Track.
If you have not used Space-Track before, you first have to create an account by entering a username and password of your own choice. There is no charge for this.
Once registered, press the LOGIN button to enter the site.
Under Epoch, select Date Range.
Finally, press the LOAD DATA button and the keplerian element sets (TLEs) for the chosen date will be listed in a grey box at the foot of the page.
Carefully copy one of the TLE sets, making sure you have Line 1 followed by line 2 (it's so easy to get this the wrong way round, which absolutely guarantees that they won't work).
Finally, save the edited M2_tle.txt file back where it came from.
Step 3 - Edit LRPTDecoderM2.ini
Just one line of the LRPTDecoderM2.ini file has to be edited, the RoughStartTimeUTC line (use Notepad).
However, in LRPTDecoderM2.ini the format is reversed and the separators changed, to give RoughStartTimeUTC=11/05/2015.
Don't forget to save this file back where it came from.
Step 4 - Creating the three Meteor M2 Channel Images with LRPTDecoderM2
Run LRPTDecoderM2.exe and load your S-file.
At this point, the GCP data is held only in memory. This data will be saved as a GCP file in the Images folder along with the three Meteor channel images, if you now save the colour composite image as JPEG (it doesn't work for BMP).
Step 5 - Creating the GIS Images
All the hard work is now over.
Run the default.bat file inside the MeteorGIS folder by double clicking it, and the MeteorGIS screen should burst into view, the final processing saving the GIS images in the GIS Images folder.
To process another S_file, first store your GIS images safely then empty the Images and GIS Images folders before the next run.
Extra - Meteor M2-2
If you possess historic S-files from the ill-fated Meteor M2-2 that you wish to process through MeteorGIS, this is also possible.
The process is identical with the above with three exceptions.
1 - The catalogue number for Meteor M2-2 is 44387
Please e-mail your queries to